F-117A Nighthawk Maintenance. April 2008 statt. (Flugzeug-Nummer 80-0801), Am 10. [107][additional citation(s) needed] Some pilots also called the airplane the "Stinkbug". Die Tarnkappen-Eigenschaften der F-117 beruhen auf ihrer besonderen Form mit aus ebenen Flächen zusammengesetztem Flugwerk und auf einer speziellen Beschichtung der Außenhaut. XP-58 • X-17 • Sie ist nicht für Luftkämpfe geeignet. ", "Operation Desert Storm Evaluation of the Air Campaign GAO/NSIAD-97-134", "Serb discusses 1999 downing of stealth. PO / WV • Lockheed Advanced Development Projects (better known as the "Skunk Works") began working on stealth as far back as the late 1950s, and low radar observability had played a role in the design of the A-12/YF-12/SR-71 series of Mach 3+ aircraft. The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark is a retired American supersonic, medium-range interdictor and tactical attack aircraft that also filled the roles of strategic nuclear bomber, aerial reconnaissance, and electronic-warfare aircraft in its various versions. XC-35 • The partially-intact code identified it as a former aircraft of the 49th Operations Group. Ein defektes Beplankungselement kann daher in der Regel nicht einfach ersetzt werden, da man kaum ein passendes Teil im Lager finden wird. [17][18], The decision to produce the F-117A was made on 1 November 1978, and a contract was awarded to Lockheed Advanced Development Projects, popularly known as the Skunk Works, in Burbank, California. JO • The F-117 was later used in the Operation Enduring Freedom in 2001 and Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. F-97 • This paper presents a large-scale analysis of the impact of lockdown measures introduced in response to the spread of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on socioeconomic conditions of Italian citizens. ", Ireton, Major Colin T. "Filling the Stealth Gap.". We send them today to their final resting place—a home they are intimately familiar with—their first, and only, home outside of Holloman. F-15 • The Lockheed F-117 is a single-seat, twin-engine stealth ground-attack aircraft that is operated by the United States Air Force. The single-seat Nighthawk is powered by two non-afterburning General Electric F404 turbofan engines. [48] Initial reports of F-117s hitting 80% of their targets were later scaled back to "41–60%". It was the first operational aircraft to be designed around stealth technology. März 2007 wurden die ersten sechs Maschinen zur Einlagerung zur Tonopah Test Range geflogen. Januar 1991 eröffneten F-117A mit Angriffen auf Bagdad die Operation Desert Storm gegen den Irak. C-69 • 137–38. Through 2009, one F-117 had been scrapped; AF Serial No. Trotz schwerer Feuer an der Absturzstelle gab es keine ernsthaft Verletzten. [39] The cockpit was quite spacious, with ergonomic displays and controls, but the field of view was somewhat obstructed with a large blind spot to the rear. XPB-3 • Die Lockheed F-117A Nighthawk ist das weltweit erste einsatzbereite Flugzeug, das sich einer Tarnkappentechnik auf Basis der Vermeidung von Rückstrahlungen zum Sender zunutze machte. F-20 • When another fatal crash in October 1987 occurred inside Nellis, the military again provided little information to the press. However, his assistant, Ben Rich, showed that faceted-angle surfaces would provide significant reduction in radar signature, and the necessary aerodynamic control could be provided with computer units. [56], After the explosion, the aircraft became uncontrollable, forcing the pilot to eject. As a result, its performance in air combat maneuvering required in a dogfight would never match that of a dedicated fighter aircraft. Dorr, Robert F. (2016). Mindestens eine F-117 ging im Einsatz verloren. EP-3 • The three designed a computer program called "Echo", which made it possible to design an airplane with flat panels, called facets, which were arranged so as to scatter over 99% of a radar's signal energy "painting" the aircraft. F-2 • PV • [65] The planned introduction of the multirole F-35 Lightning II also contributed to the retirement decision. 1998 betrugen die Stückkosten für eine F-117 nach Angaben der USAF rund 80 Millionen US-Dollar. Super Constellation • Rund 80–90 Prozent der auftreffenden Radarstrahlung werden im Idealfall absorbiert. Hercules • Az F-117A fegyvereit egy 2 300 kg teherbírású megosztott belső bombakamrában hordozza. Ventura • Lodestar • Die F-117 besitzt kein Radar, keine Bordkanone und ist nicht für die Bekämpfung von fliegenden Zielen ausgerüstet. [38] It is shaped to deflect radar signals and is approximately the size of an F-15 Eagle. R7O / R7V • [108], Data from U.S. Air Force National Museum, for the F-117A. More training was done with other units, and the F-117A began to participate in Red Flag exercises. YF-17 • [113], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Single-seat, twin-engine stealth ground-attack aircraft from Lockheed, "F-117" redirects here. Apparently, use of the "117" radio call became commonplace and when Lockheed released its first flight manual (i.e., the Air Force "dash one" manual for the aircraft), F-117A was the designation printed on the cover. November 1988 bestätigt. Harpoon • Während der NATO-Luftangriffe auf Ziele in Jugoslawien (Operation Allied Force) gelang es dem 3. The F-117 program was begun by AFSC using a carve-out System Program Office (SPO) established within the Aeronautical Systems Center (ASC) at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. Many news articles discussed what they called a "F-19" stealth fighter, and the Testor Corporation produced a very inaccurate scale model. RQ-170, AT-18 • [8], The F-117 was born after the Vietnam War, where increasingly sophisticated Soviet surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) had downed heavy bombers. C-141 • P-175 • [15], The maiden flight of the demonstrators occurred on 1 December 1977. C-130 (KC-130) (AC-130) • L-100 Hercules • Neben der ersten F-117 hat unsere Staffel eine weitere Maschine von diesem Typ getroffen. [46] Leaflet drops on Iraqi forces displayed the F-117 destroying ground targets and warned "Escape now and save yourselves". 12 Electra Junior • P-3 (P3V) • C-60 • [53], Congress had ordered that all F-117s mothballed from 30 September 2006 onwards were to be maintained "in a condition that would allow recall of that aircraft to future service" as part of the 2007 National Defense Authorization Act. Galaxy • This required commercial air and trucking to transport personnel between Las Vegas and Tonopah each week. [74], Although officially retired, the F-117 fleet remained intact as of 2009, with photos showing the aircraft carefully mothballed. Dazu gehört ein auf GPS-Daten basierendes Terrain-Folgesystem für längeren Tiefflugeinsatz mit integrierter automatischer Echtzeit-Fluglagesteuerung, die selbsttätig die programmierten Ziele anzufliegen in der Lage ist, wobei Täuschungs- und Ablenkungsmanöver aufschaltbar sind. 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