You’ll find the answers here as we take you through the 32 most popular styles of Japanese pottery and porcelain from A to Z. Read on to find out more about these wonderful (and fragile) works of art. Mizunodaira ware is glossy and has distinctive patterns. One of the first medieval utilitarian wares to be taken up for use in the tea ceremony, and promoted to the status of art pottery. There is an almost endless variety of forms and styles of pottery, each of which have developed in different areas of Japan. In Okinawa, the production of village ware continued under several leading masters, with Kinjo Jiro honored as a ningen kokuho (人間国宝, literally meaning 'living cultural treasures', officially a Preserver of Important Intangible Cultural Properties). YouTube. These unpredictable results, variations and color changes are called nanabake (“the seven disguises”). During the Edo period (1603-1868), seven types of glazes, as well as decorating techniques, were developed. First produced during the early Edo period, in the beginning of the 17th century, Kutani ware is manufactured in and around the city of Kaga, in Ishikawa prefecture. Hagi-yaki (萩焼) is a form of porcelain manufactured in the town of Hagi, in Yamaguchi prefecture. Echizen-yaki (越前焼) is a type of ceramic produced in the town of Echizen, in Fukui prefecture. During the Azuchi-Momoyama period (1568-1600), the appearance of enamels (kiseto, oribe and shino glaze), together with the growth of tea ceremonies and ikebana, gave Akazu ware a special recognition. Tamba-Tachikui ware has a unique color which appears after firing for about sixty hours in a climbing kiln at circa 1300°C (2372°F). Kanji Sodeoka was Simpson’s pottery teacher turned colleague and co-writer. During the latter half of the Edo period (1603-1868), an elite organization established in Izushi, employed artisans from an Arita ware kiln and produced large quantities of white porcelain. A reddish-brown long-fired stoneware, which is believed to have originated in the 6th century. YouTube. Through the Edo period (1603-1868), Tobe ware was independently manufactured. In 1616, Sam-Pyeong Yi, a Korean potter, discovered a kaolin deposit on the Izumi mountain in Arita. Aizu-Hongo pottery, which is thought to have started during the Sengoku period (1467-1600), was patronized and promoted by the lord of the Aizu domain at the beginning of the Edo period (1603-1868). Generally, Japanese pottery (known in Japan as tojiki or yakimono) is classified into “ceramic ware” made from soil, and “porcelain ware” made from stone. During the early Shōwa era the folk art movement Mingei (民芸) developed in the late 1920s and 1930s. Other types of Japanese pottery include Bizen stoneware, whose earthy colors and surfaces reflect the landscape of the Okayama Prefecture where it’s made. Takahama ware combines white porcelain and asbolite’s deep indigo blue. Japan boasts many styles of pottery and porcelain stretching back to ancient times. Pottery is clay that is modeled, dried, and fired, usually with a glaze or finish, into a vessel or decorative object. In the Neolithic period (c. 11th millennium BC), the earliest soft earthenware was made. But with the arrival of the te-rokuro or handwheel, the mechanics of throwing made possible a more subtle art. Ancient Japan has made unique contributions to world culture which include the Shinto religion and its architecture, distinctive art objects such as haniwa figurines, the oldest pottery vessels in the world, the largest wooden buildings anywhere at their time of construction, and many literary classics including the world’s first novel. Hagi ware is raw, rarely decorated, and remains as simple as possible. Nowadays, Iga ware mainly consists of tableware for daily use. $295.00. During the Edo period (1603-1868), in 1669, the potter Takatori Hachinojo discovered a new type of clay and started working with it. There is an abundance of most basic types of clay in Japan. Jian ware was later produced and further developed as tenmoku and was highly priced during tea ceremonies of this time. It has been suggested that the choice of such items was mainly dictated by Chinese taste, which preferred Kakiemon to "Imari" wares, accounting for a conspicuous disparity in early European collections that can be reconstructed between Dutch ones and those of other countries, such as England, France and Germany. [15] Hirado ware was another kind of porcelain initially reserved for presentation as political gifts among the elite, concentrating on very fine painting in blue on an unusually fine white body, for which scroll painters were hired. With the expansion of the tea ceremony through the Azuchi-Momoyama period (1573-1600), the production of tea utensils increased. Featuring patterns under its glaze, it has a beautiful soft red color and bubbly texture enhanced by feldspar glaze. However, during the Meiji period (1868-1912), Japan modernized and the demand for pottery diminished. Iidayafu boasts a distinctive shade of red. In 1957, Hagi ware was nominated as Intangible Cultural Asset and designated as a traditional handicraft in 2002. Due to naturally occurring kaolin deposits, many porcelain clays are found in Kyushu. Iga ware was appreciated by many tea ceremony masters, especially Sen no Rikyu. Amongst the most well-known ones are the Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum close to Nagoya, the Arita Porcelain Park, the Fukuoka Oriental Ceramics Museum, the Kyushu Ceramic Museum, the Noritake Garden, the Museum of Oriental Ceramics, Osaka, the Okayama Prefectural Bizen Ceramics Museum, and the Ōtsuka Museum of Art. It features transparent glaze on off-white porcelain, with cracks on the surface and decorative elements. The most produced pottery in western Japan. In the early days of porcelain making in Japan, the Kyoto, Seto, and Nagoya areas used only the handwheel; elsewhere, in the Kutani area and in Arita, the kick wheel was employed. Although porcelain bodies were introduced to Kyōyaki by Okuda Eisen, overglazed pottery still flourished. Typical of the period is the so-called Satsuma pottery, most of which was made not at Satsuma but at Kyōto and then sent to … © Kumamoto Guide, Amakusa Ware Porcelain Cups. In 1580, the potter Chijiro is thought to be the first to produce this form of ware. In a totally different style, tanuki (Japanese raccoon dog) statues made from Shigaraki clay have become extremely popular. On a glassy surface of celadon porcelain glaze, these blue fissures spread across the entire object. During the Meiji period (1868-1912), technology from famous production areas such as Karatsu and Seto led Tobe ware to develop swiftly. Eirakufu is characterized by a tasteful mix of gold and red. From this beginning the two-man wheel developed. It is said that iron contained in the local clay softens the astringency and adds roundness to Japanese green tea. The Jōmon period, the earliest and most expansive period of Japanese history, dates from 10,500 B.C. There are three main decoration methods: shaping the clay with a kanna (Japanese plane), using a paint brush or a comb, and making a pattern with fingers. At that time, Koishiwara ware was identified as Nakano ware, as the area used to be named Nakano. Nowadays, Arita ware simply describes pieces baked in Arita, and Imari ware, those are produced in Imari. However, it is now difficult to find craftsmen who can make or repair them. In Kyoto, where demand makes it both practical and profitable, the clay is crushed, blunged (made into slip), and filtered commercially. By 1688, another important style appeared: kinrande, featuring gold and red patterns. According to legend, Katō Shirozaemon Kagemasa (also known as Tōshirō) studied ceramic techniques in China and brought high-fired glazed ceramic to Seto in 1223. © The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Mino Ware, Shino Type Chawan (Tea Bowl) with Shinkyo (Bridge of the Gods), Momoyama period, Late 16th Century. Sanshu onigawara crafts flourished in the 18th century. For both practical and The wares were so widely used that Seto-mono ("product of Seto") became the generic term for ceramics in Japan. © Setogura Museum, Seto Ware Large Ornamental Jar by Kawamoto Masukichi I, 1876. Amakusa Porcelain and Pottery (Kumamoto) © Kumamoto Guide, Amakusa Ware Porcelain … © Japan National Tourism Organization, Kutani Ware Plate. [21] Meizan used copper plates to create detailed designs and repeatedly transfer them to the pottery, sometimes decorating a single object with a thousand motifs. These wares were highly praised in the West. Large Otani jars, taller than the height of average men, are made with a method called nerokuro, which means “lying and spinning a potter’s wheel.” An artisan lies on the ground and spins a wheel while the other stands on a stand and shapes the pottery. Bowls and sake bottles were produced by a potter coming from the Iwakuni domain, in Yamaguchi prefecture. You can touch these items with Imari / Arita(porcelain) (Arita, Saga, Imari, Saga) Satsuma Seto was one of Japan’s Six Ancient Kilns, with Bizen, Echizen, Shigaraki, Tamba and Tokoname. Raku ware is a type of pottery that is almost synonymous with Japanese tea ceremonies, characterized by being hand-shaped rather than thrown on a wheel, and developed in the sixteenth century. [18] Most of the works promoted internationally were in the decorative arts, including pottery. Pictures that depict the sacred horses revered by the former Soma clan are hand-painted on the ware. Lightweight and elegant, Agano ware is famous for its chawan (tea bowls), used in tea ceremonies. Mar 23, 2019 - Explore Lucy Baker's board "ASIAN POTTERY MARKS" on Pinterest. © Fukuoka Now, Agano Ware Chawan (Tea Bowl). Two Korean potters brought traditions to this pottery style: Chin Jukan developed overglaze Satsuma porcelain while descendants of Boku Heii created a unique natural glaze. Setoguro refers to all-black glazed pieces that were mainly produced during the Tensho period (1573-1593), being pulled out of the kiln while still red-hot. Vase. Potters have always kept a high level of quality that has been transmitted ever since the Edo period (1603-1868). The most frequent glaze techniques are nagashikake, where glaze is applied at regular intervals; uchikake, where glaze is slowly drizzled, and ponkaki, where glaze is distributed gradually from a bamboo container. According to tradition, one of the kidnapped, Yi Sam-pyeong, discovered a source of porcelain clay near Arita and was able to produce the first Japanese porcelain. The divide in the types of pottery can be found in the juncture between the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers in China, and the material compositions of the ceramic vary greatly in their quantities of clay mineral kaolinite (a silicon-layered mineral that is used industrially), feldspar, ‘pottery stone’ and quartz. In 1976, Shigaraki ware was designated as a National Traditional Craft and Shigaraki is commonly described as “the pottery town". The origin of Seto ware goes back to the beginning of the 19th century. © Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Satsuma Ware Tea Storage Jar, Edo Period, Circa 1800-1850. The preliminary steps are the same as for coil building, after which the rough form is lubricated with slip and shaped between the potter's hands as the wheel revolves. Western-style raku usually involves removing pottery from the kiln while at bright red heat and placing it into containers with combustible materials. [7] As they became valued for tea ceremonies, more pieces were imported from China where they became highly prized goods. Izushi-yaki (出石焼) porcelain has an extraordinarily rich white color, coming from kakitani pottery stone. Its design is similar in many respects to that of the handwheel, or it may have a wooden tip set in the top, and an iron pipe, like later wheels. (A) Earthenware is the oldest and easiest type of pottery. Karatsu-yaki (唐津焼) is a type of porcelain manufactured since the 16th century in the Saga and Nagasaki prefectures. Mashiko ware's glazes are prepared with stone powder and scrap iron powder. Mostly simply but elegantly decorated slipware, in a style going back to the 18th century. During the Edo period (1603-1868), the production of sake bottles and earthenware pots started. In the late 16th century, many Seto potters fleeing the civil wars moved to Mino Province in the Gifu Prefecture, where they produced glazed pottery: Yellow Seto (Ki-Seto), Shino, Black Seto (Seto-Guro), and Oribe ware. As the local clay is easy to glaze, it allows artisans to use techniques such as white engobe (clay slip layer) and painted decoration, especially for sansui dobin, teapots with landscape designs. [28] He lived in Japan from 1909 to 1920 during the Taishō era and became the leading western interpreter of Japanese pottery and in turn influenced a number of artists abroad.[29]. Today, most potters in Kyoto use electric wheels, though there are many studios that still have a handwheel and a kick wheel. Earthenwares were created as early as the Jōmon period (10,500–300 BC), giving Japan one of the oldest ceramic traditions in the world. 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